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Topical and oral administration of the natural water-soluble antioxidant from spinach reduces the multiplicity of papillomas in the Tg.AC mouse model.

 

Author information

  1. Laboratory of Experimental Pathology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA. nyska@niehs.nih.gov

Abstract

 

The Tg.AC mouse carrying the v-Ha-ras structural gene is a useful model for the study of chemical carcinogens, especially those acting via non-genotoxic mechanisms. This study evaluated the efficacy of the non-toxic, water-soluble antioxidant from spinach, natural antioxidant (NAO), in reducing skin papilloma induction in female hemizygous Tg.AC mice treated dermally five times over 2.5 weeks with 2.5 microg 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). The TPA-only group was considered as a control; the other two groups received, additionally, NAO topically (2 mg) or orally (100 mg/kg), 5 days/week for 5 weeks. Papilloma counts made macroscopically during the clinical observations showed a significant decrease in multiplicity (P<0.01) in the NAO topically treated group. According to histological criteria, papilloma multiplicity were lower in both topical-NAO and oral-NAO groups, but significantly so only in the oral-NAO mice (P<0.01). The beneficial effect of NAO in the Tg.AC mouse is reported.

 

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